The HSE today, Monday, 16th April, launched the first dedicated Irish survey on Alcohol’s Harm to Others. “The Untold Story: Harms Experienced in the Irish Population due to Others’ Drinking” quantifies some of alcohol’s harm to others in modern Ireland. It makes very clear that preventing and reducing harm to others from drinkers is an urgent public health goal - equally as important as preventing and reducing harm to the drinker due to their own drinking.
Alcohol’s harm from other people’s drinking can affect a wide range of relationships in a person’s life – family and friends, children, work colleagues and strangers. The purpose of this report is to explore how the drinking of others can negatively impact peoples’ lives.
Key Findings from the report:
One in six carers (16%) reported that children, for whom they had parental responsibility, experienced harm because of someone else’s drinking.
One in every two people (51%) reported experiencing harm due to strangers’ drinking in the past 12 months.
Two in every five people (44%) reported experiencing negative consequences due to the drinking of people they know.
Three in every five people (61%) reported having a known heavy drinker in their life.
One in seven workers (14%) reported work-related problems due to co-workers’ drinking.
The total estimated cost of AH20 as assessed in this survey was €872.75 million.
The costs estimated in this study are the tangible costs of harm to others. The survey results did not estimate the intangible cost (fear, pain, suffering, lost quality of life) of alcohol’s harm to others, but these are clearly substantial.
Harms that are prominent throughout the report include: feeling unsafe, being harassed or insulted verbally, physical harassment, stress, having less money for household expenses, sleep disturbances, being a passenger with a drunk driver, ruined belongings and having to leave home due for safety.
Children are particularly vulnerable to harm from other people’s drinking, be it within the family, among family members or in the wider community in which they live. Overall, one in six carers (16%) reported that children, for whom they had parental responsibility, experienced harm because of someone else’s drinking.
Prof Robin Room, Professor of Alcohol Policy Research at University of Melbourne, noted the importance of this report to give a full picture of the harms associated with alcohol:
“For many years, the focus in discussing harms from drinking was on harms suffered by the drinker. Indeed, these harms are widespread and often severe. However, what has been missing from the picture is the burden that occasional or regular heavy drinking imposes directly on others at the interpersonal level. Others around the drinker, whatever their relationship with the drinker, are likely to be affected, often adversely, by changes in thinking, demeanour and behaviour which result from drinking.”
One of the authors of the report, Dr Ann Hope, notes the significant evidence presented: “Given that 3 in 5 people reported a known heavy drinker in their life, suggests the risk of harm from others’ drinking is widespread in Irish society, with some of it hidden. The fear to personal safety due to strangers’ drinking especially in public spaces can undermine a sense of community well-being and can be felt by both drinkers and non-drinker alike.”
Another of the authors of the report, Prof Joe Barry, hopes the findings will inform national policy around alcohol in Ireland: “This report provides solid evidence that harms to others from drinking are at least as widespread and of comparable magnitude to the harms to drinkers themselves.”