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Global reports

World drug report 2014.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2014) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna

The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption.

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European drug report 2014: trends and developments

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (2014) Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg

How many new drugs were detected in Europe over the last year? Is cannabis getting stronger? How many Europeans have ever used an illicit drug? What are the latest drug policy developments in the region? These are just some of the questions explored in the European Drug Report: Trends and developments. This report provides a top-level overview of the long-term drug-related trends and developments at European level, while homing in on emerging problems in specific countries. Such a perspective is valuable, as it allows differing national experiences to be understood within the broader European context.

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Ending the drug wars: Report of the LSE expert group on the economics of drug policy 

LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy. (2014) The London School of Economics and Political Science, London.

This report asserts that a new and effective international strategy could emerge if two approaches are followed. First, resources should be drastically reallocated away from law enforcement and repressive policies towards proven public health policies of harm reduction and treatment, with governments ensuring that these services are fully resourced to meet requirements. Second, rigorously monitored policy and regulatory experimentation should be encouraged. States should be allowed to pursue new initiatives, the report argues, in order to determine which policies work and which don't. The places that legalise cannabis first will provide an external benefit to the rest of the world in the form of knowledge regardless of how the experiments turn out. As a result, pioneering jurisdictions should be accepted as long as they take adequate measures to prevent ‘exports’.

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Turning evidence into practice. Optimising opioid substitution treatment. 

Health & Wellbeing Directorate, Public Health England. (2014) Public Health England.

Although opioid substitution treatment (OST) is the most effective intervention for heroin use and dependence, the medication itself, and accompanying psychosocial/recovery interventions, need to be optimised to give the user the best chance of recovery and sustained abstinence. This briefing focuses on elements that can be optimised and provides key messages to help achieve this. The content is drawn from authoritative guidance, published evidence and service provider feedback.

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Turning evidence into practice. Preventing drug-related deaths.

Health & Wellbeing Directorate, Public Health England (2014) Public Health England. 

Drug misuse is a major contributor to premature mortality. People who use drugs are up to ten times more likely to die suddenly or as a result of chronic diseases than people who do not use drugs. Many of these deaths are preventable. This document provides a checklist for services and local areas that want to improve their practices in this area. The content is drawn from published evidence, authoritative guidance, and feedback from drug treatment services.

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Drug supply reduction and internal security policies in the European Union: an overview.

Quigley, Eoghan (2013) Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

The production and trafficking of illicit drugs poses complex and interlinked problems, which have a negative impact on public health and the security and stability of society. Focusing on actions directed at the EU’s internal security situation, this paper elaborates who is involved in setting policy, what legal and funding basis for action has been established, and what the main priorities are.

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Medications in recovery: best practice in reviewing treatment. 

Recovery Orientated Drug Treatment Expert Group. (2013)

In 2012, the Recovery Orientated Drug Treatment Expert Group published its report, Medications in recovery: re-orientating drug dependence treatment. The report supports a radical ambition to place prescribing within a fully recovery-orientated system of care, with changes at system, service and individual levels. The report makes clear that this involves treatment services continuing to re-orient their delivery of care to provide active and visible support for recovery from the point of entry to treatment, during treatment and after exit, and that successful recovery also relies on support from others, including mutual aid, employment and housing services.

In the summer of 2013, the Chief Medical Officer (CMO) asked for further advice from the expert group on:
• the frequency at which an individual receiving treatment for addiction should be reviewed (to determine the benefit of the treatment and thus whether alternative treatments should be tried)
• the structure of the review meetings (what should be considered, how to assess the benefit a patient is receiving, tools for decision making, etc)

The group responded to CMO in September 2013 and, following her review of their advice, she has agreed with the group that PHE should publish the advice for the benefit of the field.
The group’s advice makes clear that:
• care planning, with its ongoing and planned reviews of specific goals and actions, should be part of a phased and layered treatment programme
• a strategic review of the client’s recovery pathway will normally be necessary within three months (and no later than six months) of treatment entry, and will then usually be repeated at six-monthly intervals
• a strategic review should always revisit recovery goals and pathways (to support clients to move towards a drug-free lifestyle)
• drug treatment should be reviewed based on an assessment of improvement (or preservation of benefit) across the core domains of successful recovery.

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Good governance for prison health in the 21st century. A policy brief on the organization of prison health.

WHO Regional Office for Europe, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2013) WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen.

The document reviews the reasons for the conclusion that prison health is public health, describes the legal cornerstones of prison health and the principle of equivalence and integration that should underlie it, lists the persistent shortcoming of current arrangements and spells out the meaning of good governance for prison health in the 21st century.

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World Drug Report 2013

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2013. United Nations.

The World Drug Report presents a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in drug markets. It covers production, trafficking, consumption and related health consequences. Chapter 1 of this year’s report examines the global situation and the latest trends in the different drug markets and the extent of illicit drug use, as well as the related health impact. Chapter 2 addresses the phenomenon of new psychoactive substances (NPS), which can have deadly consequences for their users but are hard to control, with dynamic, fast-mutating producers and “product lines” which have emerged over the past decade.

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Health 2020. A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century.

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (2013)

In 2012, the WHO Regional Committee for Europe approved Health 2020 in two forms. This publication gives both. The shorter policy framework provides European politicians and policy-makers with Health 2020’s main values and principles, and key strategic advice to support action for health and well-being. The longer policy framework and strategy give more detail in terms of evidence and practice.

It has two strategic objectives, constructed around equity, gender and human rights and improved governance for health. It is aimed at those committed to improving health, well-being and health equity, in a way that is sensitive to each country’s situation and political and organizational circumstances. It is a “living” guide to policies and strategies.

Addressing these questions is as much a political as a scientific endeavour and Health 2020 puts strong emphasis on political commitment, as well as professional expertise and the engagement of civil society. Focused on “solutions”, it offers practical and achievable, yet flexible, policy options capable politically of being successfully implemented in the individual context of each country.

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Talking to your children about legal highs and club drugs: A parent's handbook. 

The Angelus Foundation, Adfam, Club Drugs Clinic, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital (2013)

Chapter 1 – What exactly are club drugs and legal highs?
Chapter 2 – How did legal highs become so popular?
Chapter 3 – What do legal highs contain?
Chapter 4 – Know your Substances
Chapter 5 -- Legal Highs, the limits of the law and police action
Chapter 6 – What you can do as a parent
Chapter 7 – Talking Consequences 
Chapter 8 -- Talking to your children about legal highs

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EMCDDA–Europol 2012 Annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA (New drugs in Europe, 2012. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2013)

This report presents the key activities performed by the EMCDDA and Europol in 2012 and includes details of all the relevant activities in support of the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA on the information exchange, risk assessment and control of new psychoactive substances.

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European Drug Report 2013

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) will publish their European Drug Report 2013: Trends and developments today. This year the agency’s annual overview of the European drug situation is presented in a new information package designed to be ‘more timely, interactive and interlinked’ and which replaces the former annual report. The shorter, graphic-rich report summarises the latest trends across the 27 EU Member States, Norway, Croatia and Turkey. Accompanying the European Drug Report 2013 are a series online interactive Perspectives on Drugs (PODs) providing deeper insights into important issues.

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World Drug Report 2012

United Nations Office on Drugs and crime, June 2012

The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. This year's edition begins with an overview of recent trends and the current situation in terms of production, trafficking and consumption and the consequences of illicit drug use in terms of treatment, drug-related diseases and drug-related deaths.
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World Drug Report 2011

United Nations Office on Drugs and crime, 2011

The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. This year's edition starts with an overview of the illicit drug situation worldwide and regionally, followed by more comprehensive discussions and statistical trends for the key transnational drug markets, namely opium/heroin, coca/cocaine, amphetamine-type stimulants and cannabis.
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HIV/AIDS country profile 2011: Ireland

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, May 2012

Country profiles on the HIV-related situation in each Member State of the WHO European Region.
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Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2011

World Health Organization, 2011

The Global status report on alcohol and health (2011) presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, and its health and social consequences.
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Downloand Country Profiles

 

World Drug Report 2010

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2010

The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. This year, for the first time, the World Drug Report includes special feature sections on the quality of drug data available, trends in drug use among young people and police-recorded drug offences.
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World Drug Report 2009

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2009

The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. This year, for the first time, the World Drug Report includes special feature sections on the quality of drug data available, trends in drug use among young people and police-recorded drug offences.
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World Drug Report 2008

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2008

The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. The drug problem is being contained but there are warning signs that the stabilisation which has occurred over the last few years could be in danger.
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World Drug Report 2007

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2007

The World Drug Report presents the most comprehensive statistical view of today's illicit drug situation. This year's edition reports signs of long-term containment of the global problem. However, the overall trend masks contrasting regional situations, which the report examines in detail.
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World Drug Report 2006

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2006

The World Drug Report presents the most comprehensive statistical view of today's illicit drug situation. Some 200 million people, or 5 percent of the global population age 15-64, have used illicit drugs at least once in the last 12 months. Among this population are people from almost every country on earth.
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World Drug Report 2005

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2005

The World Drug Report presents the most comprehensive statistical view of today's illicit drug situation. This year it presents the work of two new areas of research aiing to provide tools to enrich our understanding of an immensely complex situation: an estimate of the financial value of the world drug market, and the preliminary steps towards the creation of an illicit drug index.
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World Drug Report 2004

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2004

The World Drug Report presents the most comprehensive statistical view of today's illicit drug situation. This first edition of the new two volume World Drug Report presents more quantitative data than ever before in an effort to increase the amount of factual evidence available in a field which is so notoriously difficult to quantify.
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Global Illicit Drug Trends 2003

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2003

Reporting on a largely clandestine sector where information is by definition difficult to obtain, Global Illicit Drug Trends constitutes at present the most comprehensive published source of estimates and statistics on the global drug problem.
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Global Illicit Drug Trends 2002

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2002

Reporting on a largely clandestine sector where information is by definition difficult to obtain, Global Illicit Drug Trends constitutes at present the most comprehensive published source of estimates and statistics on the global drug problem.
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Global Illicit Drug Trends 2001

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2001

Reporting on a largely clandestine sector where information is by definition difficult to obtain, Global Illicit Drug Trends constitutes at present the most comprehensive published source of estimates and statistics on the global drug problem.
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Global Illicit Drug Trends 2000

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2000

Presenting supply and demand statistics and analysis on the evolution of the global illicit drug problem.
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World Drug Report 2000

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria, 2000

Illustrated with numerous maps, graphs, charts and tables, the World Drug Report 2000 provides the reader with a unique insight into the realities of the international drug problem and reveals the most complete picture of the extent of the problem.
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